Unit 14, Session 2: Jonah, Prophet to Nineveh
Last week, we saw Hosea’s amazing love for his unfaithful wife that provided a picture of God’s greater love for His unfaithful people. This week, we looked at Jonah’s lack of love as a contrast.
The Book of Jonah is not primarily about Jonah and a big fish. While those elements are important, Jonah’s account centers around the compassion of God, not only for the people of Israel, but for people throughout the earth—even Israel’s worst enemies!
God spoke to Jonah: “Get up! Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because their wickedness has confronted Me” (Jonah 1:2). God is the judge of all the earth (Gen. 18:25) and He is sovereign over all the nations. Nineveh was the capital of Assyria, and the rulers of Nineveh were notoriously evil and cruel. No wonder Jonah ran the other way!
No one can flee from God’s presence. (Ps. 139:9-10) Through a storm and some time in the belly of a fish, God got Jonah’s attention. Jonah went to Nineveh. For three days, Jonah walked around the city. His message to the Ninevites was brief: “In 40 days Nineveh will be demolished!”
The people of Nineveh immediately repented, and God withheld His judgment. He passed over their sins and did not demolish the city. How did Jonah react? “Jonah was greatly displeased and became furious” (Jonah 4:1). Jonah refused to love the people of Nineveh, even when God did.
God rebuked Jonah and prompted him to examine his heart. He left Jonah—and the reader—with a question to consider: “Should I not care about the great city of Nineveh?” (Jonah 4:11).
God called Jonah to go to his enemies and call them to turn away from their sin, but Jonah refused. Instead, he ran away. Later, God sent Jesus to His enemies to call us to repentance. Jesus willingly obeyed. Jesus died on the cross to rescue us from sin.
Help your kids see that God’s love extends to the nations and that like Nineveh, we are all enemies of God undeserving of grace and mercy. Jesus is greater than Jonah. (Matt. 12:41) Jesus came calling all sinners, Jews and Gentiles, to repentance. He didn’t only bring a message, He truly loved us. He submitted to God’s will with joy and laid down His own life for our sins. God shows His mercy in the gospel, forgiving those who trust in Jesus as Lord and Savior. God sends us out, like Jonah, to share the good news of salvation.
FAMILY STARTING POINTS
Babies and Toddlers
God loves people.
Jonah did not want to go to Nineveh.
God sent Jonah to Nineveh because He loves people.
God sent Jesus because He loves us.
What is God like? God is merciful and loving.
God showed mercy to the Ninevites.
What is God like? God is slow to anger, merciful, and loving.
God showed mercy to the Ninevites.
UNIT KEY PASSAGE
“Joel, Prophet to Judah” (Joel 1–3)
PRETEEN CURRICULUM: Explorers
Know: Joshua asked for God’s help to win a battle and he received it in a most unusual way.
Think: God will help us in our battle against Satan.
Do: Talk to God and don’t be afraid to ask Him for help.
THE MORE YOU KNOW
The passing of time is a fixed thing. It doesn’t speed up or slow down, and we can’t travel through it. We are bound, without exception, to the moment we are currently experiencing right this second. This is why the miracle of God making the sun stand still, and by doing so lengthening the day so that Joshua could finish the battle, is nothing short of amazing. Perhaps even more amazing is that there are several historical accounts of an unexplainable long day or conversely, a long night, in many different cultures from all over the world.
During the reign of Emperor Yeo, who lived at the same time as Joshua, records report of “a long day.” Greek historian, Heroditus, wrote that the Egyptian priests recorded a similar occurrence. Records from the Aztecs, Peruvians, and Babylonians, all have historical references to an event that supports the biblical claim that the sun stood still. Historical documents from Mexico not only support the event took place, but they even place the long day during the year of “Seven Rabbits,” which corresponds to the year that Joshua defeated the Amorites.
The battles that the children of Israel faced illustrate that we are engaged in spiritual warfare, but God ensures our victory!